What are the long-term effects of binge eating disorder?
Binge eating disorder (B.E.D) is an eating disorder that is characterized by episodes of uncontrollable overeating. These episodes are often followed by feelings of shame, guilt, and embarrassment. Although binge eating disorder is not as well-known as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, it is the most common eating disorder in the United States. According to the National Eating Disorder Association, about 3.5% of women and 2% of men in the U.S. will suffer from binge eating disorder at some point in their lives.
The long-term effects of binge eating disorder can be both physical and psychological. Physically, individuals with B.E.D. are at a higher risk for obesity, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. psychologically, binge eating disorder can lead to depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.
Binge eating disorder can also take a toll on an individual’s personal relationships. Many people with B.E.D. feel ashamed and embarrassed about their eating habits, which can lead to social isolation. B.E.D. can also strain relationships as loved ones may feel frustrated or helpless in trying to support someone with the disorder.
If you or someone you know is struggling with binge eating disorder, there is help available. There are many effective treatment options, such as psychotherapy, medication, and support groups. With treatment, people with binge eating disorder can learn how to control their eating and live a happy and healthy life.Visit the site
How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
Binge eating disorder is not currently recognized as a distinct psychiatric disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). However, it is included in the manual as a “specifier” for eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. This means that binge eating disorder can be diagnosed in addition to anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.
The DSM-5 criteria for binge eating disorder include:
1. Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is defined as eating, in a discrete period of time (e.g., within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is definitely larger than what most people would eat in a similar period of time under similar circumstances.
2. A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g., a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
3. Feelings of distress and/or guilt after the episode.
4. Binge eating episodes are associated with three (or more) of the following:
-Eating much more rapidly than normal
-Eating until feeling uncomfortably full
-Eating large amounts of food even when not feeling physically hungry
-Eating alone because of feeling embarrassed by how much one is eating
-Feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty after overeating
5. The binge eating episodes are not associated with the recurrent use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors (e.g., purging) as in bulimia nervosa and do not occur exclusively during the course of bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa.
The diagnosis of binge eating disorder is made by a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker. The mental health professional will usually conduct a thorough clinical interview and may also administer questionnaires or psychological tests.
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